The Meaning of Globalization: From Ulrich Beck’s Vision to the Rise of Anti-Globalization

WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? Generally speaking, globalization is a social phenomenon with “diffusibility”, influencing the current development of human politics, economy, and culture. As we know, this phenomenon has been studied by many scholars. For example, Anthony Giddens argues globalization gives rise to the fact that “we are living ‘through a major period of historical transformation’ […] suggests that we feel ‘out of control’ in a ‘runaway world’ […] it is an unavoidable reality[1]. Moreover, Jan Aart Scholte, to go further, presents a more optimistic point of view on globalization, arguing that the phenomenon is a kind of “spread of transplanetary[2], indicating that “[w]ith globalization people become more able – physically, legally, linguistically, culturally and psychologically – to engage with each other wherever on planet Earth they might be.[3] Here, the main point is most theorists acknowledge that globalization is sophisticatedly developing that has produced many inevitable effects, such as the forming of an “unknown” future and the movement of different peoples around the world.

(See: The Theory and Practice of Anti-Globalization Movement: Case Studies of the Independent Media in the Chinese Societies – Hong Kong and Taiwan. Bonn: Bonn University. 2014)

[1] See: Jones, Andrew. Globalization Key Thinkers. Polity, 2010, p. 45.

[2] See: Scholte, Jan Aart. Globalization A Critical Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 50-51.

[3] Ibid.