However, Hong Kong and Taiwan are at the same time bearing stronger political and economic influence from the Mainland, despite the room for social activism existed. During the late 1980s, the development of Taiwan politics was controlled by the KMT. In 1996, the first democratic election for President was held, marking the end of the party-state (黨國) period of the political development history on the Island. This event is commonly seen as a milestone of the democratization of Taiwan. Before this election, Democratic Progressive Party, DPP (民主進步黨) had been established and developing gradually because the ban on forming political parties was suspended by the KMT in 1987. Eventually, in 2000 the DPP’s candidate Chen Shuei-Bian (Chen Shuibian陳水扁) won the presidential election. This was the first time the DPP became the governing party in Taiwan. Through the totally eight-year presidency of Chen, various “desinicization (去中國化)” policies were made. For instance, “our nation” (我國), a term being used to indicate the complete territories (including the Mainland) of the Republic of China, was amended as “China” (中國) in high school textbooks; the name of state enterprises was all changed from the “Chinese” to the “Taiwanese”. At the time, the political ideology of Taiwan independence was in its heyday and the local or native consciousness of Taiwanese was further strengthened on the Island. However, a historical turning point in the progression of Taiwan politics was emerged: in 2008, Ma Ying-jeou (Ma Yingjiu馬英九), the KMT’s presidential candidate, defeated the DPP’s Hsieh Chang-ting (Xie Changting謝長廷) to become the President. After taking his post, Ma immediately announced the state policy of “no unification, no independence, and no use of military force”, stopping the further development of the Taiwanese consciousness. Then, Ma’s government started to implement a series of Cross-Strait cooperative policies, such as signing the “Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA)” with China, allowing the students from the Mainland to study in Taiwan’s universities, reducing the waiting time for the naturalization of Chinese spouses as citizen, giving the naturalized the right to work, allowing Chinese people to organized travel by oneself as the “free-tour (自由行)” in Taiwan and suggesting to sign the “Cross-Strait Peace Agreement” with the Beijing government. The implement of these policies strongly implied the KMT government wanted to rely on China for economic growth through establishing an amicable relationship with China, showing that the crucial role of the Mainland in directing the future change of Taiwanese society is more concrete.
(See: The Theory and Practice of Anti-Globalization Movement: Case Studies of the Independent Media in the Chinese Societies – Hong Kong and Taiwan. Bonn: Bonn University. 2014)
 For the details of “Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement”, please refer to the following hyperlink. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from the official website of Ministry of Economic Affairs, the R.O.C.:
 “Mr. Ma Ying-jeou gave the suggestion of signing the Cross-Strait Peace Agreement with China before the presidential election in 2008 as a main political promise to end the historical confrontation between Taiwan and China. Mr. Ma argued that the premise of signing the agreement is depended on both China and Taiwan practicing ‘no unification, no independence, and no use of military force’ while China must remove the missile deployments targeting on the island because Taiwan is unwilling to negotiate with China under the military threat.” See: Wang, Kun-Yii (Wang Kunyi王崑義) (2009). Cross-Strait Peace Agreement: Theory, Challenges and Discussions (兩岸和平協議：理論、問題與思考). Review of Global Politics, 26, p. 69.